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What is Software Testing and its Process

What is Software Testing and its Process

Software testing is the process of ensuring the quality of a product before it is released. It assesses the software’s completeness to single functional (or non-functional) aspects and whether it has satisfied the business logic or revealed missing gaps in requirements that require immediate attention. To learn more about What software testing is and its Process, Join the Software Testing Course In Chennai at FITA Academy to gain real-time examples.

Importance of Software Testing:

The path to software development is complex, and products might be prone to errors and defects. Before releasing software to the market, it must be tested to guarantee it performs as intended. Only qualifying products are provided to consumers after recognising broken codes.

Process of Software Testing:

Requirement Analysis:

At this stage, software testers collaborate with development stakeholders to identify and understand test requirements. This stage is important since it gives the QA team a solid foundation to create their test plan.

QA teams typically construct a Requirement Traceability Matrix (RTM), at this point, a document that captures all needs of stakeholders. This provides the foundation for testers to design and manage their testing activities. 

Test Planning:

A test plan is developed following extensive analysis that details the test schedule, resource estimates, constraints, and risk. 

Software testers can add a Contingency plan to modify variables if the project goes in an unanticipated direction to get more control over the project.

Test Case Development:

When the test plan is complete, the development of test cases begins. To begin, the QA team determines the data to enter into the programme when testing (for example, if they want to test if the Login page works, they must create a mock login and password).

Following that, testers begin building test scripts, frequently with the assistance of popular software testing tools.

Test Environment Setup:

This stage can be completed concurrently with Test Case Development. A test environment is the software and hardware settings used to test an application, such as a database server, front-end running environment, browser, network, hardware, etc.

QA teams will plan the use of resources for Test Environment development. This practice guarantees that resources are allocated efficiently.

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Test Execution:

Test execution occurs when testers run test scripts. The findings of the tests will be meticulously documented for future examination. All passed tests are logged in the RTM, and any faults detected are immediately communicated to the development team for resolution.

Test Cycle Closure:

This is the final stage of the software testing process. Software testers will assemble to analyse the results of their tests, assess their performance, and capture significant takeaways for future reference. 

To maintain control of all testing operations across all phases of the STLC, it is critical to monitor your QA team’s software testing process frequently.


In this blog, you would have understood What software testing is and its Process. To gather more information about Software Testing and its Process, Join the Software Testing Course in Bangalore, where our expert trainers will train you with real-time examples.